Lab 7.1.6 Analyzing a Test Plan and Performing a Test

Task 1: Analyze the Test Plan
Analyze the test plan shown above and answer the following questions:
a. What are the four main sections of the test plan?
1) Introduction,
2) Equipment,
3) Design / Topology Diagram,
4) Test Descriptions and related testing information. (Test procedure, success criteria, and conclusions subsections repeat for each test within the test plan.)
b.How many tests are defined within the test plan in this lab? ____ 2
c.In which testing subsection would you find the types of commands or analysis tools used to determine
if the test was successful? ____ Procedures
d. In which main test plan section would you find a description the devices and cabling used to build the
prototype for the test plan? _____ Equipment
e. In which main testing section would an overall description of the tests to be performed and the
reasons why they are being specified in the test plan? ______ Introduction


Task 2: Configure the PCs and switch VLANs and perform Test 1

Step 1: Connect devices and configure PC IP addresses
Connect the switch to the router as shown in the Test Plan topology diagram.
Connect the PC1 and PC2 hosts to the switch using the ports indicated in the Test Plan topology table.
Using the IP address information from the Test Plan table, configure PC1 and PC2.

Step 2: Prepare the switch for configuration
Connect a PC with a console cable to the switch to perform configurations using a terminal emulation
program. Confirm that the switch is ready for lab configuration by ensuring that all existing VLAN and general configurations are removed. Remove the switch startup configuration file from NVRAM.
Switch#erase startup-config
Erasing the nvram filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm]

Press Enter to confirm. The response should be:
Erase of nvram: complete

If the switch has previously been configured with VLANs, it will necessary to delete the VLAN
database information file. From the privileged EXEC mode, issue the following commands:
Switch#delete vlan.dat
Delete filename [vlan.dat]?[Enter]
Delete flash:/vlan.dat? [confirm] [Enter]

If there was no VLAN file, this message is displayed.
%Error deleting flash:/vlan.dat (No such file or directory)
It is recommended that the delete command not be issued as: delete flash:vlan.dat.

Accidentally omitting vlan.dat from this command could lead to the complete IOS being deleted
from flash memory. Issuing the reload command to restart the switch may not always clear the previous VLAN configuration; for that reason, the power cycle (hardware restart) step is recommended.

Step 3: Configure VLANs on switch S1
Configure switch S1 with a hostname and passwords.
Switch(config)#hostname FC-ASW-1
FC-ASW-1(config)#enable password cisco
FC-ASW-1(config)#enable secret class
FC-ASW-1(config)#line console 0
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#password cisco
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#login
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#line vty 0 15
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#password cisco
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#login
FC-ASW-1(config-line)#exit
FC-ASW-1(config)#
Configure switch S1 with the VLAN 1 IP address of 10.0.1.2/24.
FC-ASW-1(config)#interface vlan1
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#ip address 10.0.1.2 255.255.255.0
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#no shutdown
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#exit
FC-ASW-1(config)#
Configure switch S1 with the default gateway address of 10.0.1.1.
FC-ASW-1(config)#ip default-gateway 10.0.1.1
FC-ASW-1(config)#
Create VLAN 10 named main-net and VLAN 20 named voice.
FC-ASW-1(config)#vlan 10
FC-ASW-1(config-vlan)#name main-net
FC-ASW-1(config-vlan)#exit
FC-ASW-1(config-vlan)#vlan 20
FC-ASW-1(config-vlan)#name voice
FC-ASW-1(config-vlan)#exit
FC-ASW-1(config)#
Assign interface range Fa0/2 through Fa0/12 to VLAN 10.
FC-ASW-1(config)#interface range fa0/2 – 12
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 10
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#exit
FC-ASW-1(config)#
Assign interface range Fa0/13 through Fa0/24 to VLAN 20.
FC-ASW-1(config)#interface range fa0/13 – 24
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#switchport mode access
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#switchport access vlan 20
FC-ASW-1(config-if-range)#end
FC-ASW-1#

Step 4: Perform Test 1 to determine if the hosts can communicate between VLANs
a. Issue the show running-config commands from the switch and verify all basic configuration settings. See output at end of lab.
b. Issue the show vlan brief command on the switch to verify what ports are in which VLANs.
Which switch ports are in VLAN 1? ___________________ Fa0/1 Gi0/1, Gi0/2
Which switch ports are in VLAN 10? ___________________ Fa0/2 – Fa0/12
Which switch ports are in VLAN 20? ___________________ Fa0/13 – Fa0/24
FC-ASW-1#show vlan brief
VLAN Name Status Ports
—- ———————- ——— ——————————-
1 default active Fa0/1, Gi0/1, Gi0/2
10 main-net active Fa0/2, Fa0/3, Fa0/4, Fa0/5
Fa0/6, Fa0/7, Fa0/8, Fa0/9
Fa0/10, Fa0/11, Fa0/12
20 voice active Fa0/13, Fa0/14, Fa0/15, Fa0/16
Fa0/17, Fa0/18, Fa0/19, Fa0/20
Fa0/21, Fa0/22, Fa0/23, Fa0/24
<*** output omitted ***>
c. With PC1 connected to switch port 4 and PC2 attached to port 14, attempt to ping from PC1 to PC2.
Would you expect the ping to be successful? __________ Tidak
Why or why not? __________ PC IP addresses are on different networks (PC1 is on net 10.0.10.0/24 and PC2 is on net 10.0.20.0/24 and in different VLANs.
d. Change the IP address of PC2 to 10.0.10.5 so that the two PCs are on the same network and ping again. Would you expect the ping to be successful? ______ Tidak
Why or why not? _____ Alamat IP PC punya alamat jaringan yang sama tapi masih di VLAN yang berbeda
e. Move the cable for PC2 to a port that is in the VLAN 10 range (Fa0/2 to Fa0/12) and ping again.
Would you expect the ping to be successful? _____ Ya
Why or why not? _________ Alamat IP PC berada pada jaringan dan VLAN yang sama
f. Change the IP address for PC2 back to 10.0.20.2 and move the cable back to Fa0/14 in VLAN 20.
This test demonstrated that the PCs from the main-net cannot communicate with the PCs on the voice net without assistance from a Layer 3 device.

Task 3: Configure the switch and router for VLAN routing and perform Test 2

Step 1: Configure VLAN trunking on switch S1
Configure trunking between switch S1 and the router with 802.1 encapsulation on both devices.
FC-ASW-1#int fa0/1
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#switchport mode trunk
FC-ASW-1(config-if)#end

Step 2: Perform basic configuration of the router.
Connect a PC to the console port of the router to perform configurations using a terminal emulation program. Configure router R1 with a hostname and console, Telnet, and privileged passwords according to the table diagram.
Router(config)#hostname FC-CPE-1
FC-CPE-1(config)#line con 0
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#password cisco
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#login
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#line vty 0 4
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#password cisco
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#login
FC-CPE-1(config-line)#exit
FC-CPE-1(config)#enable password cisco
FC-CPE-1(config)#enable secret class
FC-CPE-1(config)#no ip domain lookup

Step 3: Configure VLAN Trunking on the Router
Configure router R1 Fa0/0 interface to trunk for VLAN 1, VLAN 10, and VLAN 20 with 802.1Q encapsulation.
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fa0/0
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#no shutdown
FC-CPE-1(config-if)#interface fa0/0.1
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 1
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#ip address 10.0.1.1 255.255.255.0
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#exit
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fa0/0.10
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 10
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#ip address 10.0.10.1 255.255.255.0
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#exit
FC-CPE-1(config)#interface fa0/0.20
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#encapsulation dot1Q 20
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#ip address 10.0.20.1 255.255.255.0
FC-CPE-1(config-subif)#end
FC-CPE-1#
On the router, issue the command show vlans.
What information is displayed?
The 802.1Q trunk subinterfaces, the address configured and the number of packet transmitted and received
FC-CPE-1#show vlans
Virtual LAN ID: 1 (IEEE 802.1Q Encapsulation)
vLAN Trunk Interface: FastEthernet0/0.1
This is configured as native Vlan for the following interface(s) :
FastEthernet0/0
Protocols Configured: Address: Received: Transmitted:
IP 10.0.1.1 21 43
Other 0 138
396 packets, 67954 bytes input
181 packets, 51149 bytes output
Virtual LAN ID: 10 (IEEE 802.1Q Encapsulation)
vLAN Trunk Interface: FastEthernet0/0.10
Protocols Configured: Address: Received: Transmitted:
IP 10.0.10.1 94 25
Other 0 12
94 packets, 15324 bytes input
37 packets, 3414 bytes output
Virtual LAN ID: 20 (IEEE 802.1Q Encapsulation)
vLAN Trunk Interface: FastEthernet0/0.20
Protocols Configured: Address: Received:
Transmitted:
IP 10.0.20.1 9781 113
Other 0 14
9781 packets, 939660 bytes input
127 packets, 9617 bytes output
From switch S1, issue the command show interfaces trunk.
What interface on switch S1 is in trunking mode? _______ Fa0/1
Which VLANs are allowed and active in the management domain? _____ 1, 10, 20
FC-ASW-1#show interfaces trunk
Port Mode Encapsulation Status Native vlan
Fa0/1 on 802.1q trunking 1
Port Vlans allowed on trunk
Fa0/1 1-4094
c.
Port Vlans allowed and active in management domain
Fa0/1 1,10,20
Port Vlans in spanning tree forwarding state and not pruned
Fa0/1 1,10,20

Step 4: Perform Test 2 to determine if the hosts can communicate between VLANs through the use of inter-vlan routing provide by a router
a. Issue the show running-config commands from the switch and verify all basic configuration
settings. See output at end of lab.
b. Ping from the switch to the router default gateway for VLAN 1.
Was the ping successful? ____ Ya
c. Telnet from the switch to the router.
Where you successful? _____ Ya
d. With PC1 connected to switch port 4 and PC2 attached to port 14, attempt to ping from PC1 to PC2.
Would you expect the ping to be successful? ____ Ya
Why or why not? ______ PC IP addresses are on different networks (PC1 is on net 10.0.10.0/24 and PC2 is on net 10.0.20.0/24 and in different VLANs but the router is routing packet between the two independent subnets.
e. Telnet from PC1 to the switch and the router.
Would you expect the Telnet to be successful? ___ Ya
Why or why not? ________ Physical and IP connectivity has been previously verified. As long as there are no VTY restrictions or ACLs in place, each PC should be able to telnet to either the switch using the VLAN1 IP address or to the router using any of the router subinterface addresses.
f. Issue the show ip route command on the router to display the routing table. How many subnet
routes are there? ______ 3 – All directly connected to the subinterfaces defined for Fa0/0.
(10.0.1.0, 10.0.10.0 and 10.0.20.0)
FC-CPE-1#show ip route
Codes: C – connected, S – static, R – RIP, M – mobile, B – BGP
D – EIGRP, EX – EIGRP external, O – OSPF, IA – OSPF inter area
N1 – OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 – OSPF NSSA external type 2
E1 – OSPF external type 1, E2 – OSPF external type 2
i – IS-IS, su – IS-IS summary, L1 – IS-IS level-1, L2 – IS-IS
level-2
ia – IS-IS inter area, * – candidate default, U – per-user
static route
o – ODR, P – periodic downloaded static route
Gateway of last resort is not set
10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 3 subnets
C 10.0.10.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0.10
C 10.0.1.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0.1
C 10.0.20.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0.20

Task 4: Reflection
Why is it important to develop a test plan and prototype network behavior?
Sebuah rencana uji menyediakan dokumen terstruktur digunakan untuk menguji dan membutuhkan tester untuk berpikir dengan hati-hati tentang bagaimana fungsi jaringan untuk diuji dan dievaluasi. Ini membantu untuk membuktikan bahwa hasil yang diharapkan adalah nyata dan bahwa jaringan akan tampil seperti yang diharapkan. Ini berfungsi untuk mendokumentasikan hasil dari upaya pengujian.

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