Lab 3.2.4 Installing a Cisco IOS Software Image

Task 1: Run and Configure the TFTP Server

Step 1: Configure network connectivity
a. Referring to the topology diagram, connect the console (or rollover) cable to the console port on the router and the other cable end to the host computer with a DB-9 or DB-25 adapter to the COM 1 port.
Use a crossover cable to connect PC1 NIC interface to Router interface Fa0/1. Ensure that power has been applied to both the host computer and router.
b. Using the IP address information from the table, configure computer PC1.
c. On PC1 establish a console session to the router using HyperTerminal or TeraTerm.
d. Configure the router hostname and interface as given in the table.
e. Ping PC1 from the CLI prompt to verify connectivity between the router and the PC. Troubleshoot the configuration of the router and PC if connectivity is not verified.

Step 2: Start the TFTP server
a. Check that a TFTP Server such as Solarwinds is installed on PC1. If not, see your instructor to arrange the installation. This software must be installed and running before the any file transfer can be initiated from the router.
b. Start the TFTP program (Solarwinds). The active TFTP Server window will appear as shown.

Step 3: Configure the TFTP server
a. Go to the File menu and select Configure.
b. Verify the following settings in the TFTP Server Configuration window by clicking the appropriate tabs
c. When finished, click OK.


Task 2: Back up the Current IOS

Step 1: Collect information to document the router
It is important to document the features and information about the router before transferring the IOS file, in case any recovery action has to be taken.
a. Issue the show flash command.
Is there an IOS image file stored in flash? ____ Ya
Exact name of that file: _____ c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin
Size of that file: _______ 14 MB
Amount of flash that is available or unused? ______ 8679422 bytes available
What attributes can be identified from codes in the Cisco IOS filename?
Hardware platform, pengaturan fitur, format file, dan nomor versi
Output:
ACC-CPE-1# show flash:
-#- –length– —–date/time—— path
1 13937472 May 05 2007 21:13:20 +00:00 c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin
2 1821 May 05 2007 21:29:36 +00:00 sdmconfig-18xx.cfg
3 4734464 May 05 2007 21:30:14 +00:00 sdm.tar
4 833024 May 05 2007 21:30:42 +00:00 es.tar
5 1052160 May 05 2007 21:31:10 +00:00 common.tar
6 1038 May 05 2007 21:31:36 +00:00 home.shtml
7 102400 May 05 2007 21:32:02 +00:00 home.tar
8 491213 May 05 2007 21:32:30 +00:00 128MB.sdf
9 1684577 May 05 2007 21:33:16 +00:00 securedesktop-ios-3.1.1.27-k9.pkg
10 398305 May 05 2007 21:33:50 +00:00 sslclient-win-1.1.0.154.pkg
8679424 bytes available (23252992 bytes used)
b. Issue the show version command and record the following information:
Configuration-register value: ______ 0x 2102
Size of flash memory: ______ 32 MB
Is there at least 16 MB of flash? _____ Ya
Version number of boot ROM: ______ 12.4(13r)
Is the boot ROM version 5.2 or later? _____ Ya
Output:
ACC-CPE-1#show version
Cisco IOS Software, 1841 Software (C1841-IPBASE-M), Version 12.4(1c),
RELEASE SO
FTWARE (fc1)
Technical Support: http://www.cisco.com/techsupport
Copyright (c) 1986-2005 by Cisco Systems, Inc.
Compiled Tue 25-Oct-05 17:10 by evmiller
ROM: System Bootstrap, Version 12.4(13r)T, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc1)
R1 uptime is 2 days, 12 hours, 29 minutes
System returned to ROM by reload at 21:21:02 UTC Fri Aug 24 2007
System image file is “flash:c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin”
Cisco 1841 (revision 7.0) with 114688K/16384K bytes of memory.
Processor board ID FTX1118X0AB
2 FastEthernet interfaces
2 Serial(sync/async) interfaces
2 Low-speed serial(sync/async) interfaces
DRAM configuration is 64 bits wide with parity disabled.
191K bytes of NVRAM.
31360K bytes of ATA CompactFlash (Read/Write)
Configuration register is 0×2102

Step 2: Copy IOS image to the TFTP server
a. Before copying the files, verify that the TFTP server is running.
b. Record the IP address of the TFTP server ______ 10.0.0.254
c. From the privileged EXEC mode, issue the copy flash tftp command. At the prompt, enter the
filename for your system as reported in Step 1. To ensure accuracy, select the filename as shown in
the show flash: output and copy and paste it at the source filename prompt. Then enter the IP
address of the TFTP server. At the destination filename, press Enter to accept the name displayed.
Output:
ACC-CPE-1#copy flash tftp
Source filename []? c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin
Address or name of remote host []? 10.0.0.254
Destination filename [c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin]?
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
13937472 bytes copied in 37.627 secs (370412 bytes/sec)
Step 3: Verify the transfer to the TFTP server
a. Verify a successful upload transfer. Open Log file c:\Program Files\SolarWinds\Free Tools\TFTPServer.
txt. Contents should be similar to the following example:
3/25/2007 12:29 :Receiving c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin from 10.0.0.1)
3/25/2007 12:29 :Received c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin from (10.0.0.1),
13937472 bytes
b. Verify the flash image size in the TFTP server directory. Using Windows Explorer or My Computer,
locate the TFTP root directory. Display file details and record the file size: ______13937472 bytes
The file size shown in the show flash: command output should be the same as the file size of the
file stored on the TFTP server. If the file sizes are not identical, check with your instructor.
Instructor Note: Troubleshoot and repeat the above steps if the downloaded file size and IOS image
size differ.


Task 3: Restore or Upgrade the Current IOS

Step 1: Prepare to restore or update the IOS image
a. Before copying the files, verify that the TFTP server is running and that the required IOS image file is
in the TFTP root directory. Note the exact filename.
b. Ping PC1 to confirm that connectivity between the router and the PC has been maintained.
c. Confirm that the flash memory capacity is of sufficient size to hold the IOS image.
Which command is issued to confirm flash memory size?___ show flash: or show version

Step 2: Copy the IOS image from the TFTP server
a. From the privileged EXEC mode, issue the copy tftp flash command.
b. At the prompt, enter the IP address of the TFTP server.
c. Enter the filename for your system, as noted in Step 1.
d. At the destination filename, press Enter to accept the name displayed.
Output:
ACC-CPE-1#copy tftp flash
Address or name of remote host []? 10.0.0.254
Source filename []? c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin
Destination filename [c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin]?
%Warning:There is a file already existing with this name
Do you want to over write? [confirm]
Accessing tftp://10.0.0.254/ c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin…
Loading c1700-y-mz.122-11.T.bin from 10.0.0.254 (via FastEthernet0/0):
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
[OK - 13937472 bytes]
Verifying checksum… OK (0x9C8A)
13937472 bytes copied in 37.627 secs (370412 bytes/sec)
If successful, the checksum OK output is displayed. If the checksum fails, the IOS upload steps will
need to be repeated.
Some older systems may require that flash be erased. If the Erase flash: before copying?
prompt is confirmed, all files in flash will be removed. In contrast, other systems have sufficient
capacity to store multiple files. If the router prompts to erase flash, output similar to below will occur
before the new image is uploaded to flash.
Sample Output:
Erase flash: before copying? [confirm][Enter]
Erasing the flash filesystem will remove all files! Continue? [confirm]
Erasing device…
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
…erased
Erase of flash: complete

Step 3: Test the restored IOS image
a. Verify that the router IOS image is correct. Power cycle the router power and observe the startup process to confirm that there were no flash errors. If there are none, the router IOS should have started correctly.
b. Further verify the IOS image in flash by issuing the show version command, which will show an output similar to this:
System image file is “flash: c1841-ipbase-mz.124-1c.bin”

Step 4: Clean up
Erase the configurations and reload the router. Disconnect and store the cabling. For PC hosts that are normally connected to other networks (such as the school LAN or to the Internet), delete the IOS image file from the TFTP directory, reconnect the appropriate cabling and restore the TCP/IP settings.


Task 3: Reflection / Challenge

Step 1: Switch IOS Upgrade
As a challenge lab, research and list the steps required to back up the Cisco IOS image file from a switch to a TFTP server. In addition, list how to restore or upgrade the IOS image from the TFTP server to the switch.
Pengaturan server TFTP dan perintah CLI yang digunakan untuk melakukan backup dan upgrade switch IOS sama seperti untuk router. Perbedaan yang signifikan adalah pengaturan dari alamat IP pada interface 1 VLAN dari sakelar

Step 2: Non-operational Device
The performance of IOS image backup and upgrade for routers and switches as described in this lab presumes that the device has a current, fully operational IOS to allow the configuration of IP connectivity prior to copying the image file. However, there may be cases where the current IOS is corrupt or for some other reason the device will not boot with an operational IOS.
a. Research and record the ROMMON process that enables a router to be configured and its IOS uploaded if the device has this problem.
b. Research and record the X-Modem or similar process that enables the IOS of a switch to be uploaded using the serial (console) connection if the device has this problem.
The following documents are typical Cisco.com resources describing these recovery processes:
Typical router ROMMON IOS loading:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/471/76.pdf
Example X-modem Console Download Procedure Using ROMMON:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/130/xmodem_generic.pdf
Recovering Catalyst Switches from a Corrupted or Missing Image:
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/473/192.pdf

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